Pakistan has the longest border of 2,400 km with its landlocked neighbor Afghanistan which is a country of 34 million people and also a gateway into 75 million population regional of Central Asian Republics(Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan).

Pakistan is Afghanistan largest trading partner, while Afghanistan is Pakistan’s second largest export market. Imports into Afghanistan of some products such as cooking oil or medicines from Russia and Central Asian countries, Indonesia, and Malaysia have a reputation of being of high quality.

Over 28% of International Transit Trade with Afghanistan is routed through Pakistan whichis equivalent to more than 125,000 TEUS commercial value US$ 5.2 billion. Those commercial products include textile products, electronic and semi-conductor devices, palm oils and vegetable oils based value added  products, sugar, rubber, tea and steel.

Reverse transit i.e.exports out of Afghanistan transiting through Pakistan includes over 6,200 TEUsvalued ~ US$ 244 million. Those commercial exports include fruits (figs, pistachio, almond, apricot),

The Afghan Transit Trade Agreement (ATTA) came into force on 2nd March 1965. Pakistan granted transit facility to Afghanistan in pursuance of UN Convention on law of Sea (1958). Pakistan allows movement of transit cargo through Karachi Ports and Port Qasim through identified two transit routes (i) Torkham (ii) Chaman. Originally ATTA covered the movement of Afghan goods  through Pakistan by rail only. Major changes in global arena over the years led to various upgrades particularly the changes that have been brought about by automation & containerized handling of cargo.


Afghanistan-Pakistan TransitTrade Agreement (APTTA), 2010 became fully operationalized from June 2011. Under new agreement movement of transit cargo through Karachi Ports, Port Qasim & Gwadar port is permitted through Licensed BondedCarriers. Number of border crossing points have increased to include Chaman,Torkham, Wagah, Sost and Ghulam Khan. APTTA allows commercial cargo one-way movement from Afghanistan via Torkham and Chaman to India through Wagha.

APTTA allows use of Afghan territory for trade between Pakistan and Central Asian countries. Afghanistan Pakistan Transit Coordination Authority (APTTCA) has been established for monitoring, facilitating and effective implementation of Agreement. Financial Guarantee is secured to cover the impact of duty/taxes in order to create deterrence against pilferage. Goods transiting through Pakistan shall be stored in sealedcontainers which meet international specifications. Customs officials may examine the contents of up to 5% containers at the point of entry into Pakistan.

 TIR 2018 : TIR is a French acronym for�Transports International Routiers� which means �International Road Transport�. In practice it is an international transit system for goods carried by road across the borders of countries that have ratified the TIR Convention, while offering a high level of security. TIR system is based on 6 essential principles;

  1. Secure vehicles or containers,
  2. International chain of guarantee,
  3. TIR Carnet,
  4. Mutual recognition of Customs Controls,
  5. Controlled access,
  6. IT TIR Risk Management tools which are (Safe TIR and TIR EPD).

There are 6 Border Customs TIR stations and 15 Inland Customs Stations for TIR Operations in Pakistan.

  Border Customs Stations for TIR Location / Province / State in Pakistan
1 Karachi Karachi (Port City) Sindh
2 Gwadar Gwadar (Port City near Iran Border) Balochistan
3 Taftan Pak-Iran Border near Balochistan
4 Chaman Pak-Afghan Border near Balochistan
5 Torkham Pak-Afghan Border Khyber Agency/KP
6 Sost Pak-China Border, Gilgit Baltistan

  Inland Customs Stations for TIR Operations Location/Province/State


1 NLC Container Terminal MCC-Exports Karachi
2 Qasim Freight Station (QFS) MCC-Exports, Port Qasim, Karachi
3 NLC Container Terminal MCC-Appraisement East, Karachi
4 Bay West Terminal MCC-Appraisement West, Karachi
5 NLC Dry Port Hyderabad, Sindh
6 Railway Dry Port Quetta, Balochistan
7 NLC Dry Port Quetta, Balochistan
8 Multan Dry Port Multan Punjab
9 Faisalabad Dry Port Faisalabad, Punjab
10 Sambrial Dry Port Sialkot, Punjab
11 Lahore Dry Pot Mughalpura Lahore, Punjab
12 NLC dry Port Thokar ThokarNiazBeg, Punjab
13 Railway Dry Port Premnagar Lahore, Punjab
14 Railway Dry Port Peshawar, KP
15 Margalla Railway Dry Port Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory